Normalize CSS Code

We have already described about the CSS Reset Code from this link. So, if you want to read it, then, you can go through that article. But, in fact, it looks like you are more interested in the Normalize CSS code, than the CSS reset code, as it is more cross browser compatible than the reset code. Hence, we will be describing about the normalize CSS code here. The main purpose of the normalize CSS code is to make all of the browsers to render all the elements more consistently and in line with modern standards. It precisely targets only the styles that need normalizing. You can find more detail on the normalize CSS code through this link. The CSS code for this is provided below:

/*! normalize.css v3.0.2 | MIT License | git.io/normalize */

/**
* 1. Set default font family to sans-serif.
* 2. Prevent iOS text size adjust after orientation change, without disabling
* user zoom.
*/

html {
font-family: sans-serif; /* 1 */
-ms-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 2 */
-webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 2 */
}

/**
* Remove default margin.
*/

body {
margin: 0;
}

/* HTML5 display definitions
========================================================================== */

/**
* Correct `block` display not defined for any HTML5 element in IE 8/9.
* Correct `block` display not defined for `details` or `summary` in IE 10/11
* and Firefox.
* Correct `block` display not defined for `main` in IE 11.
*/

article,
aside,
details,
figcaption,
figure,
footer,
header,
hgroup,
main,
menu,
nav,
section,
summary {
display: block;
}

/**
* 1. Correct `inline-block` display not defined in IE 8/9.
* 2. Normalize vertical alignment of `progress` in Chrome, Firefox, and Opera.
*/

audio,
canvas,
progress,
video {
display: inline-block; /* 1 */
vertical-align: baseline; /* 2 */
}

/**
* Prevent modern browsers from displaying `audio` without controls.
* Remove excess height in iOS 5 devices.
*/

audio:not([controls]) {
display: none;
height: 0;
}

/**
* Address `[hidden]` styling not present in IE 8/9/10.
* Hide the `template` element in IE 8/9/11, Safari, and Firefox < 22.
*/

[hidden],
template {
display: none;
}

/* Links
========================================================================== */

/**
* Remove the gray background color from active links in IE 10.
*/

a {
background-color: transparent;
}

/**
* Improve readability when focused and also mouse hovered in all browsers.
*/

a:active,
a:hover {
outline: 0;
}

/* Text-level semantics
========================================================================== */

/**
* Address styling not present in IE 8/9/10/11, Safari, and Chrome.
*/

abbr[title] {
border-bottom: 1px dotted;
}

/**
* Address style set to `bolder` in Firefox 4+, Safari, and Chrome.
*/

b,
strong {
font-weight: bold;
}

/**
* Address styling not present in Safari and Chrome.
*/

dfn {
font-style: italic;
}

/**
* Address variable `h1` font-size and margin within `section` and `article`
* contexts in Firefox 4+, Safari, and Chrome.
*/

h1 {
font-size: 2em;
margin: 0.67em 0;
}

/**
* Address styling not present in IE 8/9.
*/

mark {
background: #ff0;
color: #000;
}

/**
* Address inconsistent and variable font size in all browsers.
*/

small {
font-size: 80%;
}

/**
* Prevent `sub` and `sup` affecting `line-height` in all browsers.
*/

sub,
sup {
font-size: 75%;
line-height: 0;
position: relative;
vertical-align: baseline;
}

sup {
top: -0.5em;
}

sub {
bottom: -0.25em;
}

/* Embedded content
========================================================================== */

/**
* Remove border when inside `a` element in IE 8/9/10.
*/

img {
border: 0;
}

/**
* Correct overflow not hidden in IE 9/10/11.
*/

svg:not(:root) {
overflow: hidden;
}

/* Grouping content
========================================================================== */

/**
* Address margin not present in IE 8/9 and Safari.
*/

figure {
margin: 1em 40px;
}

/**
* Address differences between Firefox and other browsers.
*/

hr {
-moz-box-sizing: content-box;
box-sizing: content-box;
height: 0;
}

/**
* Contain overflow in all browsers.
*/

pre {
overflow: auto;
}

/**
* Address odd `em`-unit font size rendering in all browsers.
*/

code,
kbd,
pre,
samp {
font-family: monospace, monospace;
font-size: 1em;
}

/* Forms
========================================================================== */

/**
* Known limitation: by default, Chrome and Safari on OS X allow very limited
* styling of `select`, unless a `border` property is set.
*/

/**
* 1. Correct color not being inherited.
* Known issue: affects color of disabled elements.
* 2. Correct font properties not being inherited.
* 3. Address margins set differently in Firefox 4+, Safari, and Chrome.
*/

button,
input,
optgroup,
select,
textarea {
color: inherit; /* 1 */
font: inherit; /* 2 */
margin: 0; /* 3 */
}

/**
* Address `overflow` set to `hidden` in IE 8/9/10/11.
*/

button {
overflow: visible;
}

/**
* Address inconsistent `text-transform` inheritance for `button` and `select`.
* All other form control elements do not inherit `text-transform` values.
* Correct `button` style inheritance in Firefox, IE 8/9/10/11, and Opera.
* Correct `select` style inheritance in Firefox.
*/

button,
select {
text-transform: none;
}

/**
* 1. Avoid the WebKit bug in Android 4.0.* where (2) destroys native `audio`
* and `video` controls.
* 2. Correct inability to style clickable `input` types in iOS.
* 3. Improve usability and consistency of cursor style between image-type
* `input` and others.
*/

button,
html input[type="button"], /* 1 */
input[type="reset"],
input[type="submit"] {
-webkit-appearance: button; /* 2 */
cursor: pointer; /* 3 */
}

/**
* Re-set default cursor for disabled elements.
*/

button[disabled],
html input[disabled] {
cursor: default;
}

/**
* Remove inner padding and border in Firefox 4+.
*/

button::-moz-focus-inner,
input::-moz-focus-inner {
border: 0;
padding: 0;
}

/**
* Address Firefox 4+ setting `line-height` on `input` using `!important` in
* the UA stylesheet.
*/

input {
line-height: normal;
}

/**
* It's recommended that you don't attempt to style these elements.
* Firefox's implementation doesn't respect box-sizing, padding, or width.
*
* 1. Address box sizing set to `content-box` in IE 8/9/10.
* 2. Remove excess padding in IE 8/9/10.
*/

input[type="checkbox"],
input[type="radio"] {
box-sizing: border-box; /* 1 */
padding: 0; /* 2 */
}

/**
* Fix the cursor style for Chrome's increment/decrement buttons. For certain
* `font-size` values of the `input`, it causes the cursor style of the
* decrement button to change from `default` to `text`.
*/

input[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button,
input[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button {
height: auto;
}

/**
* 1. Address `appearance` set to `searchfield` in Safari and Chrome.
* 2. Address `box-sizing` set to `border-box` in Safari and Chrome
* (include `-moz` to future-proof).
*/

input[type="search"] {
-webkit-appearance: textfield; /* 1 */
-moz-box-sizing: content-box;
-webkit-box-sizing: content-box; /* 2 */
box-sizing: content-box;
}

/**
* Remove inner padding and search cancel button in Safari and Chrome on OS X.
* Safari (but not Chrome) clips the cancel button when the search input has
* padding (and `textfield` appearance).
*/

input[type="search"]::-webkit-search-cancel-button,
input[type="search"]::-webkit-search-decoration {
-webkit-appearance: none;
}

/**
* Define consistent border, margin, and padding.
*/

fieldset {
border: 1px solid #c0c0c0;
margin: 0 2px;
padding: 0.35em 0.625em 0.75em;
}

/**
* 1. Correct `color` not being inherited in IE 8/9/10/11.
* 2. Remove padding so people aren't caught out if they zero out fieldsets.
*/

legend {
border: 0; /* 1 */
padding: 0; /* 2 */
}

/**
* Remove default vertical scrollbar in IE 8/9/10/11.
*/

textarea {
overflow: auto;
}

/**
* Don't inherit the `font-weight` (applied by a rule above).
* NOTE: the default cannot safely be changed in Chrome and Safari on OS X.
*/

optgroup {
font-weight: bold;
}

/* Tables
========================================================================== */

/**
* Remove most spacing between table cells.
*/

table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}

td,
th {
padding: 0;
}

By applying the above normalize CSS code, you will now be rendering all of your elements more consistently and in line with modern standards. It is also being hosted in GitHub and being constantly developed. Here is the link of it for the GitHub repo.

Nowadays, Normalize CSS code is used widely than just the CSS Reset Code due to its rendering of elements more consistently with the modern standards than just the CSS Reset Code, which only resets the styling of the browsers to the described one. So, if you want this to be applied for your theme or template, then, you can just copy the above code or go to the above provided link and then add it to your styling file of the project and all the resetting of browser default styling will be solved automatically.

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Bishal Napit

Bishal Napit is a WordPress theme developer from Tansen, Palpa, with a passion to learn more on WordPress.

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